Numeracy development involves knowing the concept of numbers and being able to apply this meaningfully in real life situations.
Through the use of manipulative, pictures and symbols, children notice relationships between groups of things to be sorted, counted, shared and represented. Hence, activities should focus on hands-on experiences and the acquisition and use of appropriate language such as position words, number words and names of shapes.
Numeracy experiences should build on what children already know. Such experiences should follow a hierarchical order and include matching, sorting and comparing; ordering and patterning; counting and number value; shape and spatial awareness; simple measurement.